Pac-Man Ghost Zone (PSX) Art Assets

These are a series of sprites and 3D models for Pac-Man Ghost Zone, a cancelled Pac-Man game for the PSX eventually reworked into Pac-Man World. The assets were donated to Gaming Alexandria by former Namco artist Bernie Bernstone, who sent them to us for inspection. Bernie has also released several videos made during Ghost Zone’s development via his YouTube channel.

The models are viewable using any previewing tool for 3D models. I used Neosis by Rich Whitehouse, which you can download here.

An early Pac-Man model from 1996. Later in development, the Pac-Man’s body changed to a yellow 2D circle that continuously faced the camera.

The assets can be downloaded here.

Special thanks to Bernie Bernstone, John Hamilton and Scott Rogers for providing help in researching these materials.

[Thumbnail courtesy of Jamara Lenard.]

Game Details

Pac-Man Ghost Zone started life as one of the many ideas conceived at Namco HomeTek, the home console division of Namco America. In 1996, HomeTek’s design team proposed several game ideas for the upcoming PlayStation 1, such as a murder mystery game, an action-adventure entitled Outbound, a JRPG starring classic Namco characters, a space-based FPS entitled Xenocon and a platforming game starring Namco’s right arm entitled Pac-Man Ghost Zone.

Each one of these ideas got pitched to Yoshinori Homma, who was the president of Namco HomeTek at the time. After a few moments of thinking, Homma-san stood up and asked, “Which one do you want?”

Xenocon,” replied Scott Rogers, one of the members of the HomeTek design team.

“No, work on a Namco game.”

After a few weeks of retooling, Rogers and the rest of the Hometek design team had another meeting with Homma-san. Once again, he asked, “Which one do you want?”

“We want the JRPG.”

“No, make the Pac-Man game.”

A rare glimpse at the Namco HomeTek offices during Ghost Zone‘s development, circa 1997. Credit: William Anderson.

Pac-Man Ghost Zone would soon begin development under designer William Anderson, as well as some input from Rogers and Dave Shelly. The game followed the story of a teenager getting sucked into an arcade cabinet (à la Tron) and turning into Pac-ManThe teen must escape the cabinet by going through 14 different worlds and defeat the evil ruler of the ghosts the Ghost Lord. Namco did not allow Hometek to use “the REAL Pac-Man” in their game, so the team decided that the lead was someone turned into the character.

The original development team on Ghost Zone consisted of many different people, some veterans with a long careers in the industry and some straight out of school. On art was Kenn Nishiuye, Dan Sukiennik, Maurine Starkey, Neil Strudwick, Rick Lucey, Julian Moran and Bernie Bernstone; on programming was John Stanley and John Hamilton; on music was Tommy Tallarico. Gil Colgate would join the programming team later in production.

An early sprite of the ghost Blinky (listed in the files as Clyde) dated November 20th, 1996, compared to an updated version from February 4th, 1997. Font courtesy of RingoStarr39.

In mid-1997, after a few appearances in magazines and trade shows, William Anderson, Scott Rogers and a few other HomeTek members presented a Ghost Zone demo to Masaya Nakamura, the then-president of Namco. According to Anderson in a 2014 blog post, Nakamura-san loved the concept but dispised the actual game, storming out of the room and swearing after seeing the gameplay. The group quickly got escorted out of the building.

Despite the negative reaction, Nakamura-san allowed the game to continue, but slashed the development schedule in half, leaving the game to be rushed. Nearly all of the Hometek staff was fired (some without their promised $10,000 bonus) and after a second meeting with Nakamura-san, Ghost Zone was cancelled. The game would be reworked from scratch with the few remaining staff members — designer Scott Rogers, programmer Gil Colgate and artist Neil Strudwick — under entirely new management. This improved version would be released in 1999 under the new title Pac-Man World.

“[Ghost Zone] didn’t have its own identity. It wasn’t Pac-Man — it was a yellow guy inside of a mechanical world that didn’t make sense.”

~ Brian Schorr, Namco Producer

Since its cancellation in 1997, a single prototype of the game has emerged. As of the time of writing this, it has yet to be released online.

While we do not have a ROM of Pac-Man Ghost Zone (yet), these assets give us a little peek of what the game could’ve been. Models for Pac-Man, bosses, enemies, items and even level layouts are available in the files. Thanks again to Bernie Bernstone, whose contribution to the preservation world made this release possible!


Download the assets here.

About Dylan Mansfield

Dylan Mansfield has been a writer and historian for Gaming Alexandria since 2018. For preservation inquiries, contact Dylan at @thatdylanfellow on Twitter

2 thoughts on “Pac-Man Ghost Zone (PSX) Art Assets

  1. Hi there. This was an interesting read as I lived it.
    Here’s are some corrections to your story:
    1) Bill Anderson was always the design lead on the project. He was the manager of design of Namco Hometek and came up with the idea for Pac-Man 3D/Ghost Zone. I was hired by him (We had worked together previously at Alexandria Inc. and Oddworld Inhabitants) in 1996.
    2) The Hometek studio was run by Craig Erickson – an excellent guy to work for who was unfairly laid off after Ghost Zone was “cancelled” and the team reconfigured.
    3) The entire Ghost Zone team (aka Namco Hometek’s dev team) was fired from Namco as a result… with the exception of myself, Neil Strudwick and Gil Colgate. Why we three were spared, I have no idea even to this day. IIRC, Nicole Allen joined the team after the lay offs. Tommy Tallarico (who had worked with Bill on many Virgin Games) was a contractor, so he couldn’t be “laid off” – I enjoyed working with him so we brought him in on Pac-Man World. The dev team (and studio) was literally rebuilt from there under new management.
    4) I don’t ever remember calling the game Pac-Man 3D. There might have been some marketing materials that called it that, but it was always Pac-Man: Ghost Zone to the dev team.
    5) I remember a game concept called Xenocon, but the game that I wanted to make was WarWulf, a shooter starring a lycanthropic space soldier. Maybe WarWulf was the star of Xenocon, who knows? This was over 25 years ago and the details get fuzzy.
    Thanks for showing Pac-Man World some love after all of these years!
    Scott Rogers

    1. It is interesting to know about the history that gave rise to Pac-Man World, this game was part of my childhood and I always remember it with great nostalgia, it was one of my favorite games on the classic PlayStation. I’ve done research on concept arts, storyboards, level design documents, and some screenshots shown at official events, video game reviews, and magazines. I collaborate with The Cutting Room Floor and I know that there is still much to discover about this great game, I am hoping to see some playable prototype like the one shown at E3 1998 and appreciate what could or could not be Pac-Man World. Thanks to you and the team that worked at Namco Hometek to create this great game.

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